Members of the Ugra archaeological expedition discovered unique artifacts at excavations near the town of Nyagan, Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug (Khanty-Mansiysk Autonomous Okrug - Yugra). One of the finds is a ceramic nozzle, presumably from a Bronze Age foundry, the press service of the Ural Federal University (UrFU) reported on Monday.
"Participants of the Ugra archaeological expedition found unique items during excavations in the Oktyabrsky district of the Khanty-Mansi Autonomous Okrug - Ugra (80 km from the city of Nyagan, on the Endyr River). The first find is a ceramic nozzle - a tube for pumping air into a melting furnace. It belongs to the Bronze Age and, probably, is associated with the foundry of the beginning of the II millennium BC Nozzle is the third such archaeological object found in a vast territory from Khanty-Mansiysk to Salekhard, "the message says. It specifies that such items are found further south, up to Northern Kazakhstan.
The excavations also found several drops of metal and fragments of a bronze pendant. According to the latter, scientists expect to establish a more accurate age of the object under study, as well as conduct a chemical analysis of the drops, which will indicate the geography of the origin of the metal.
As the head of the expedition, head of the Department of Archeology and Ethnology of the UrFU Sergei Koksharov, said, the ancient inhabitants of the territories where excavations were carried out did not have their own ore sources and used imported metal. “Nevertheless, as we can see, the“northerners”were quite skillful with metal and successfully adopted technological innovations. Thus, we can imagine the scale of the information space in which they were involved. metalworking production was developed so much that over time, master foundry workers began to stand out in the communities of fishermen and hunters, "Koksharov's words are quoted in the release.
The expedition of the university has been engaged in research on the Endyr River since the 1990s. In 1994, together with Alexei Zykov from the Institute of History and Archeology of the Ural Branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Sergei Koksharov discovered the legendary "Siberian Troy" - the fortress city of Emder. Since then, researchers have discovered more than 20 settlements in these places, dating from the period from the early Iron Age to the Middle Ages. According to the assumption of Sergei Koksharov and his colleagues, the inhabitants of the town of Emder or their descendants could live on the territory of the settlement, the excavations of which the expedition was engaged in this season.