What is chronic venous insufficiency and what are its stages of development?

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What is chronic venous insufficiency and what are its stages of development?
What is chronic venous insufficiency and what are its stages of development?

Chronic venous insufficiency is a pathological condition that occurs as a result of improper outflow of venous blood in the legs. This pathology is often confused or confused with varicose veins. Although this is not correct: chronic venous insufficiency does not always manifest itself as the formation of bumps on the veins. More often, patients note:

  • cramps and "goose bumps" in the shins;
  • "Habitual" lowering of the temperature of the legs or, conversely, the feeling of an increase in temperature in the legs;
  • discomfort and fatigue of the lower extremities without much stress;
  • burning and itching.

What is the origin of chronic venous insufficiency associated with?

The most common prerequisites for CVI are:

  • changes in hormonal levels, which affects the weakening of the walls of the veins;
  • displacement of venous vessels in the pelvic region (during pregnancy and childbirth, with injuries);
  • strong and prolonged physical activity, changing the tension of the blood flow.

However, the "first signs" of the manifestation of the disease are nonspecific and remain unnoticed until the first cosmetic defects or serious feelings of discomfort appear.

Stages of development of failure

It is customary to say that CVI develops gradually:

  1. minor cosmetic defects in the form of a vascular mesh that do not manifest themselves;
  2. the stage of edema, especially in the area of ​​the legs and feet, which is more pronounced towards the end of the day and is often perceived as physiological fatigue;
  3. pain along the veins, especially at night. When probing, the veins may seem tense, and the probing itself can cause discomfort;
  4. constantly manifested swelling of the legs, pains become more pronounced, cramps join (especially at night), there is a feeling of "cold feet";
  5. active skin changes join: redness, dermatitis, eczema. Itching may be added;
  6. clogged veins can spontaneously open, bleeding forms, thrombophlebitis forms;
  7. open ulcers are added to the overall picture, which heal very poorly.

These stages of deterioration in CVI are also equated to the classification of the degree of pathology (from 0 to 6 stages).

Chronic venous insufficiency is dangerous for its complications: bleeding, thrombophlebitis and venous ulcer, which heals very poorly. It is worth noting that the treatment of thrombophlebitis is exclusively surgical. Bleeding is also eliminated. But, in addition to this, it is important to find the reasons for the occurrence of such formidable complications in order to apply more gentle, progressive and effective minimally invasive treatment methods even at the first stages, which will be selected by our experienced phlebologists specifically for a specific case and a specific patient, taking into account the characteristics of the state of the whole organism. … Do not expect manifestations of serious complications, seek help in a timely manner.

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