An electronic map of the archaeological sites of Russia has been published

An electronic map of the archaeological sites of Russia has been published
An electronic map of the archaeological sites of Russia has been published
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Russian scientists have opened access to the electronic map "Archaeological Monuments of Russia" for everyone. Today it unites data on more than 42.5 thousand Russian archaeological sites. According to the creators, work on the systematization of data on archaeological sites in Russia has been going on for about 50 years. Experts believe that the new map will help people learn more about the objects of national cultural heritage.

Scientists from the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences opened access to the electronic map "Archaeological Monuments of Russia" to everyone. This was reported by the press service of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Scientists thought about creating a map on which data on all Russian archaeological discoveries would be stored back in tsarist Russia.

“The creation of an archaeological map of Russia, including all known archaeological sites, is one of the large-scale tasks that has appeared in Russian archeology since the first attempts by the Imperial Archaeological Commission to collect materials for the registration and statistics of sites“remarkable in archaeological terms”. But the fulfillment of this task invariably ran into obstacles due to both the uncertainty of the methodological principles underlying the collection of materials and the gigantic scale of the planned work,”said Nikolai Makarov, director of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The assignment of passports to cultural monuments began in Soviet times, in 1972. In the early 1990s, the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences continued to systematize data on archaeological sites.

Electronic map "Archaeological monuments of Russia" © archaeolog.ru

New technologies have helped scientists solve the problem of collecting information about archaeological sites. In 2014, development began on the creation of a nationwide electronic archaeological map. An automated information processing system and a database were created for it, into which information about monuments from scientific reports stored in the archives of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences was entered.

The electronic map "Archaeological Monuments of Russia" was created in 2016, but only researchers from the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences had access to it. Now scientists have decided to provide it to everyone. The map will be especially interesting for people who are fond of the history and archeology of Russia, the researchers say.

“The map can be useful for history teachers, students, schoolchildren and employees of the monuments protection authorities, as it contains detailed information about the objects of archaeological heritage in our country,” said Olga Zelentsova, project leader, research associate of the Archaeological Heritage Preservation Department of the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

Museum-reserve "Chersonese Tauric" in Sevastopol RIA Novosti © Vladimir Astapkovich

For 2021, the database stores information about various cultural monuments that archaeologists have studied on the territory of our country for many years. Some objects even have hyperlinks to scientific reports on the study of the monument, related news, and so on. Today there are more than 42.5 thousand such objects, and the data is updated every day.

According to scientists, when all objects appear on the map, it will be possible to solve many archaeological problems.

“The map makes it possible to realize that a fairly large part of the archaeological heritage of Russia is“invisible”- it is made up of monuments that are not expressed in the landscape, the historical content of which is mostly hidden from view.It will help to visually assess all the richness of the archaeological heritage of our country and realize that this is an irreplaceable resource, destroying which we destroy our past,”notes Olga Zelentsova.

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