Unique bas-reliefs with images of ancient wars found in Turkey

Unique bas-reliefs with images of ancient wars found in Turkey
Unique bas-reliefs with images of ancient wars found in Turkey
Anonim

During excavations in the ancient city of Daskileon in the west of the country, Turkish archaeologists discovered the remains of a fortress wall, which was decorated with bas-reliefs of the 5th century BC depicting wars between the Persians and Greeks.

According to the Daily Sabah, the found artifacts date back to the Persian period of Daskileon and the struggle of its population against the Greeks. They were discovered during excavations in the area of ​​the city of Bandirma, in the west of the province of Balikesir.

First, archaeologists excavated a 40-meter-long section of the Phrygian wall of the 8th century BC. It was built of stone and adobe, its height, according to experts, was 7-8 meters, and its width reached 4-5 meters. The adobe parts of this wall have collapsed over time. By the way, archaeologists are planning to restore them.

However, according to the head of the excavation, Professor Kaan Irene from Muglu Sytki Kochman University, an even more surprising discovery was the stone bas-reliefs that adorned the walls of the ancient city. They are dated back to the 5th century BC.

“These are the bas-reliefs of the Persian period, which depict the war between the Persians and the Greeks, - says the expert. - This was one of the most important achievements of the current season for us. They depict Greek warriors and Persians on horseback fighting against them. Greek soldiers are depicted under legs of Persian horses. This was propaganda used during the wars. It can be said that these bas-reliefs represent scenes from the real life of the Persian people who had to fight the Greeks."

According to Irene, the find sheds new light on Daskileon's complex and long history. This city was built on the shores of Lake Manyas, about 30 kilometers from the modern city of Bandirma. It has been home to many civilizations that ruled Anatolia at different times. It is believed that the first settlers were the Phrygians, who began construction around 700 BC.

In the 7th century BC, King Daskilos moved here from the city of Sardis, the capital of the kingdom of Lydia. The reason for this was dynastic quarrels. Dasquilos' son Gyges was born in Dasquileon. By the way, at first the city bore the name of the king - Daskilos. But after Gyges became king of Lydia, the city was renamed Daskileon. It happened around 650 BC.

For three centuries, the city flourished due to its advantageous geographical location. It was a real geopolitical center, for control over which many ancient states fought. Daskelion will allow the political and economic control of Thrace and other regions of Phrygia, the straits and even the Sea of ​​Marmara. Moreover, the city itself was a very powerful fortress. But despite the serious defensive fortifications, he quite often passed from hand to hand. After the Phrygians, it was owned by the Persians, Macedonians and even the Byzantines.

Found bas-reliefs depict military campaigns victorious for the Persians of the 5th century BC. However, everything changed when the legendary king and commander Alexander the Great came to power. In 334 BC, he developed a plan to capture Daskelion, which was to become a strategically important base for the Greeks for further war with the Persians.

We add that the first archaeological research in this region was carried out in 1952 by the German explorer of the prehistoric period Kurt Bittel. It was he who found Daskelion.

A little more than half a century ago, this place was called Hisartepe.By comparing the geographical information contained in the ancient texts, Bittel determined that the modern town of Hisartepe stands on the ruins of the ancient Daskileon. Already in 1954, the first excavations began here, which were carried out by the Turkish archaeologist Ekrem Akurgal.

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