The first birch bark letter was found in Ryazan. It advises someone to run

The first birch bark letter was found in Ryazan. It advises someone to run
The first birch bark letter was found in Ryazan. It advises someone to run
Anonim

In August 2021, the first birch bark letter was found at the Vvedensky excavation site in the Kremlin of Pereyaslavl Ryazan (modern Ryazan), according to the Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences.

The length of the letter is 8 centimeters, the width is 2.5–3 centimeters. The bottom two lines of text are preserved (the first top line is partially cut off). The letter comes from the layers of the second half of the 15th century from the territory of one of the estates in the western part of the excavation.

Institute of Archeology of the Russian Academy of Sciences

The text of the letter has not yet been disassembled, but the preliminary analysis made it possible to make the assumption that at the end of the text the word "BESHA ty …" is read, and in the previous line - "..I.. RUN". The presumptive paleographic dating of the letter is at the turn of the 14th – 15th centuries.

The Vvedensky excavation site is located in the southeastern part of the Kremlin, which, according to written sources, was developed later than the northwestern one, and it is possible that it was originally located outside the city limits, that is, it was actually a posad.

Excavation site on the map

Evidence of the use of birch bark for writing in the Kremlin of Pereyaslavl in Ryazansky was found more than once, but these were other artifacts. Writers (pens or other writing instruments) come from the excavations of A.L. Mongayt, they were also found at the Zhitny excavation site in the Kremlin. In 1978, not far from the territory of the Vvedensky excavation site, a fragment of a birch bark tree was found with the image of a rider on a horse.

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