In India, archaeologists during excavations in the state of Tamil Nadu have discovered several ancient burials and structures that testify to the existence of a prosperous city on this site. A blade associated with a mysterious civilization was discovered in one of the graves.
According to Smithsonian Magazine, the find was made in the village of Kontagay in southern India. Archaeologists have found new evidence there that about 2500 years ago a city stood on the site of this village.
It belonged to an unknown civilization and, judging by the artifacts found, was quite large and prosperous. What caused its collapse remains to be determined.
One of the most valuable finds was an iron dagger. It is densely covered with rust, but at the same time it has a fairly well preserved wooden handle. The dagger was inside a burial urn along with the cremated remains of, probably, a warrior.
The blade was about 40 centimeters long. Unfortunately, due to corrosion, it broke in half. Nevertheless, the artifact gave scientists important information. So, according to R. Sivanandam, director of the Department of Archeology of Tamil Nadu, this type of weapon was used by warriors during the Sangam period (approximately from the 3rd century BC to the 3rd century AD).
The artifact has been submitted for laboratory analysis. Experts say that part of the wooden handle has been preserved almost in its original form. The unusually high degree of preservation of the wood will allow researchers to date the dagger with an accuracy of several years. This dating is planned to be carried out in one of the US laboratories, which has advanced equipment.
In India, at the moment, radiocarbon dating has been carried out, which has shown that a number of artifacts, including a dagger and burial urns, were created around 580 BC. It is noted that during the excavations a large number of skeletons of cows, bulls, buffaloes and goats were also found. This indicates a highly developed agriculture.
In addition, archaeologists have unearthed the remains of various structures with clay floors and brick walls. Pits were found inside them, which are probably traces of pillars. The latter served as props and supported the roof.
Scientists suggest that the modern village of Kontagay about 2500 years ago could have been one of the cities of the Kiladi civilization. Traces of this people were previously found in the nearby villages of Agaram, Manulur and Kiladi - the place that gave the name to this mysterious civilization.
There is not a lot of archaeological data about it yet. However, for example, artifacts found in Kontagay indicate that members of this civilization played board games and wrote texts on clay tablets and ceramics using an ancient language called Tamil Brahmi. It is also speculated that the Kiladi civilization may have been associated with the famous Indus Valley civilization or Harappa.
We add that this year the excavation season in Kontagay started in February. Since then, archaeologists have discovered 25 burials with urns. Some of them contained not only human remains, but also weapons and other items. The remains have already been donated to Madurai Kamaraj University in Tamil Nadu, where DNA tests will be carried out.