Leaders of vulnerable countries as well as activists said the United Nations report released on Monday should spur global action. But large companies emitting greenhouse gases are playing for time. (Commentary: Of course, it's easier to get the poor to cut production and get poorer and blame farting cows for global warming)
When on Monday about 200 scientists, convened by the United Nations, demanded from countries to immediately join together to reduce emissions, they presented this as a short window to prevent the most catastrophic consequences of climate change.
But when their call sounded all over the planet, it only underlined the challenge before them: force the world's largest polluters and most vulnerable countries work together to combat a serious global threat.
In no uncertain terms, a new UN report says the world is cutting emissions so slowly that it is likely to miss one of its core warming goals. The report says that the level of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere has not been this high for at least 2 million years, and the last decade, probably, the hottest on the planet in the last 125,000 years. And in unusually direct terms, the report says that human activities - the burning of oil, gas and coal - are completely to blame. (Commentary: According to publicly available scientific data, the current warming is not a record and has been much warmer in the past. the culprit of global warming is farting cows))
Report caused outrage among some of the most vulnerable countries in the world, whose leaders demanded that the wealthy industrialized nations immediately cut pollutionwarming the planet, compensated poor countries for the damage caused and helped finance preparing them for a dangerous future.
"What is it about now says scienceis happening before our very eyes, "said Malik Amin Aslam, Pakistani Prime Minister's Special Assistant for Climate Change, where temperatures exceeded 122 degrees Fahrenheit last year." It's like being hit in the head with a hammer every day."
Tensions over the report's findings are likely to persist in negotiations ahead of a major UN climate conference in Glasgow in November.
The report concludes that virtually all of the rise in global average temperatures since the 19th century has been caused by humans burning fossil fuels, deforestation and saturating the atmosphere with greenhouse gases such as carbon dioxide and methane, which trap heat. (Comment: There is a huge amount of scientific research in the public domain that suggests that humanity has nothing to do with global warming. This is a natural process and it is cyclical))
Environmental groups said these findings will help strengthen international legal strategies aimed at to hold fossil fuel companies and governments accountable. The report can be particularly valuable because, unlike previous reports, it focuses heavily on the regional impacts of climate change.This could enable environmental groups to develop stronger and more concrete legal arguments. (Commentary: If someone does not understand which direction this "climatic wind" is blowing - in ours. Russia is a country whose economy is completely dependent on fossil fuels))
"It's like turbocharging" to some of the legal strategies that Greenpeace and other organizations have applied in courts over the years, said Jennifer Morgan, CEO of Greenpeace International. Earlier this year, Greenpeace successfully sued Royal Dutch Shell in a Dutch court, using evidence from an earlier UN report.
"I expect the pace and scope of the calls to action, whether in courtrooms, on the streets or in committee rooms, to be louder and more ambitious than ever before," Ms Morgan said.
Hours after the report was published, demonstrations were planned for the end of this month in London and other cities.
The report shows that if greenhouse gas emissions remain flat or are only marginally reduced, the result will be continued warming and worsening impacts for at least the end of the century. But if governments take immediate and drastic cuts in emissions, they can stabilize the climate at around 1.5 degrees Celsius above pre-industrial levels. (Comment: It is convenient to bend the whole world under the theory of "warming" when the results of this theory - true or false, will become visible only "by the end of the century").)
The earth has already warmed by about 1.1 degrees Celsius, or about 2 degrees Fahrenheit. (Commentary: So what? Warming is a boon for civilization, unlike a cold snap)
Despite the shock that the report caused in the world's capitals, it was clear that some of the biggest pollutants, including China and the United States, are unlikely to immediately phase out fossil fuels(Commentary: Who would doubt that the "exceptional nation" this time is sure that all these requirements apply exclusively to Russia and China) which, according to scientists, is necessary to curb the rise in the average global temperature to 1, 5 or even 2 degrees Celsius, the higher limit set by the 2015 Paris Climate Agreement, an agreement between countries to combat global warming. Nearly all of the signatory countries are significantly behind schedule to meet their commitments.
At this stage, every fraction of a degree of warming will lead to more devastating flooding, even more deadly heat waves and worse drought, as well as accelerating sea level rise, which could threaten the existence of some island states, the report said. (New research: Antarctica has added 0.76 cm to sea level since 1992 … ice extent has been increasing since 2009)
The United States, which historically emits more carbon dioxide than any other country, in April pledged about halve greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. While this is an ambitious target, it is slightly below the target set out in European Union law and well below the UK target.
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John Kerry, President Biden's climate envoy, said the UN report showed that "we need, so that all countries took the necessary bold steps "to limit global warming to relatively safe levels. The fact that the current laws and regulations of the United States are insufficient to meet their own climate goals.
China, the world's largest producer of greenhouse gases, continues to increase emissions from power plants, transportation and industry. He plans to peak emissions by 2030 and then begin to cut emissions until the net increase in carbon dioxide emissions stops by 2060.
The Chinese government did not respond to the UN's findings. But in a recent conversation, the country's chief climate negotiator, Xie Zhenhua objected to the proposals set new targets to reduce global emissions above the level agreed by countries in 2015 under the Paris Climate Agreement.
"Since we have already reached a consensus, there is no need to stir up further controversy over this goal," said Mr Xie at an event hosted by the Hong Kong foundation, adding, "Our question now is to take action and step up."
And in India, where per capita emissions are only a fraction of that of the rich countries but are growing at a fast pace, the government said the UN findings indicate that industrialized countries should do more. India has also resisted the new formulation requiring all countries to take stronger action. to keep the global temperature at 1.5 degrees Celsius, arguing that rich countries have not yet met their own goals.
"Developed countries have usurped much more than their fair share of the global carbon budget," Bhupender Yadav, India's minister of the environment, said in a statement. The report "reaffirms India's position that historically accumulated emissions are the source of the climate crisis the world is facing today," he said.
Calling the report "a red code for humanity," UN Secretary-General António Guterres reiterates called for an end to the construction of new coal-fired power plants, as well as an end to government subsidies for fossil fuels. "This report should be delivered the death knell for coal and fossil fuelsuntil they destroyed our planet, "he said in a statement. (Commentary: an exceptional country and its satellites will do what is beneficial to them, and developing countries, poor countries and countries that exist for account of fossil fuels and by "coincidence" being opponents of the "exclusive nation - the United States)."
The American Petroleum Institute, which represents the interests of the largest oil and natural gas producers in the United States, said in a statement that "reducing methane emissions and mitigating the risks of climate change are top priorities for our industry." The institute added that the industry has already made strides, but said "we still have a lot of work to do."
A Shell spokesman declined to comment; Exxon Mobil did not respond to a request for comment
For the most vulnerable countries, the report may have breathed new life into the struggles they have waged with mixed success in recent years to persuade rich countries to pay for the climate change damages they are suffering.
"What's happening in science concerns us immediately," said Tina Stege, climate envoy for the Republic of the Marshall Islands, a state of coral atolls in the Pacific Ocean, most of which is only about six feet above sea level. The rich countries that pollute the environment must increase their aid "not only to protect our future generations, but also present generations," she said.
The vulnerable island states stated that they need financial assistance for resettlement, establishing early warning systems and other important steps to adapt to a changing climate.
Rich countries agreed in 2009 to commit $ 100 billion annually by 2020 in public and private funding to help developing countries adapt to climate change and switch to clean, renewable energy such as wind and solar. This promise has not been fulfilled. At the same time, poor countries are looking for funds to deal with the disasters caused by the climate, which are happening now, writes The New York Times.