In 2021, the world is producing enough food to feed everyone on our planet. But more than 5 million young children die every year from diseases associated with hunger. At least, representatives of the UN World Food Program, who are engaged in the fight against mass hunger, share such data. Inhabitants of some regions of Asia, Africa and Latin America suffer especially strongly from the lack of food, and in the near future the situation may become even worse. Researchers have noticed an increase in the number of hungry people for a long time, but with the onset of the coronavirus pandemic and the emergence of other global problems, an increasing number of people are suffering from food shortages. Within the framework of this article, I propose to find out which countries are in need of food now and what is the reason for its shortage. As I noted above, the pandemic is not the only culprit behind the mass famine - it all started much earlier and for very different reasons.
The World Food Program is the world's largest humanitarian organization, providing 4 million tons of food to people in need every year. It was founded in 1961 as a food aid agency in the United Nations system.
World hungry statistics
The United Nations publishes world hunger data every year. The most recent report was published in May 2021 and has nothing good in it. The document says that 155 million people were affected by world hunger in 2020, which is 20 million more than a year earlier. And this figure is growing every year - about five years ago, the numbers were also frightening, but not so much. And in the future the situation will get worse, because today researchers have counted as many as 23 points on our planet where there is not enough food. Another 41 million people are at risk of joining the number of people already suffering from hunger. Moreover, Ethiopia and Madagascar can already be attributed to the number of poverty-stricken countries.
Somali children waiting for their meal
For reference, it is worth noting that the number of countries with a large number of hungry people has long included Afghanistan, Angola, Congo, Myanmar, Somalia, and so on. This group already includes Ethiopia - an African state with a population of more than 116 million people. There, the main reason for the famine is the armed conflict in the Tigray autonomous region, which began in November 2020. Madagascar can be added to the same group, tens of thousands of inhabitants of which suffer from hunger due to the worst drought in the last 40 years.
The starving children of Madagascar
The reason for mass starvation
But what is the reason for the mass famine? The situation is different in each country, but UN researchers identify three most common problems:
- firstly, these are economic problems, which, among other things, were caused by the coronavirus pandemic;
- secondly, this is an increase in the number of natural disasters like earthquakes, tsunamis, and so on;
- thirdly, it is the emerging armed conflicts every now and then.
In January 2021, UN representatives noted that due to the coronavirus pandemic, the economic situation in the world has become worse than during the global financial crisis in 2009. This is due to the high number of deaths, restrictions to stop the spread of the disease, and many other factors. The reason for the hunger of people is also a large number of natural disasters - they really began to occur with frightening frequency and we have detailed material about this.And armed conflicts provoke famine by preventing better-equipped countries from sending humanitarian aid to their distressed neighbors.
Don't forget about the terrible fires.
Families that depend on humanitarian aid are in a very bad situation,”said the head of the World Food Program, David Beasley.
It is worth noting that scientists have been trying to prevent mass starvation for several years. In 2019, American researchers proposed using data from satellites and social networks to learn about impending natural disasters and armed conflicts in time. The only problem was considered that the rescue services could not always respond quickly to emerging factors. And hardly anyone could have predicted such a sudden problem as the coronavirus pandemic.