In some comedy films, animals can talk just like people and it looks very funny. Probably, many would like to understand what their pets are thinking and feeling - dogs and cats would become even closer friends to us. But nature has ordered that in the course of evolution, only people acquired full-fledged speech, and animals communicate with each other using primitive sounds, movements and smells. Most likely, thanks to speech, people were able to develop to their current level. Let's delve deeper into this topic and find out together why evolution did not begin to endow animals with full-fledged speech, and people quite easily mastered this skill and continue to improve it. To begin with, I suggest you figure out what speech is from a scientific point of view. In fact, this skill is available to very many living organisms, only at different levels.
How do animals communicate?
Many definitions of this phenomenon can be found on the Internet. But they all ultimately boil down to the fact that speech is the ability to communicate with each other to convey any information. According to this definition, this skill is available not only to humans, but also to many animals. After all, they are also capable of transmitting information among themselves, only instead of complex words they use sounds and movements. When an animal is in pain, it screams, and when it wants to attract the attention of the opposite sex, it dances.
Animals can communicate, but their speech is primitive
Animals have speech, only it is very primitive. While humans can tell stories, other living creatures cannot. They simply do not have an understanding of abstract quantities like the past and the future, they can only communicate about what is happening in real time. The main task of animal communication is to meet vital needs at every moment. Animals acquire speech from birth, that is, they emit sounds characteristic of joy, fear and other emotions at an instinctive level.
How did human speech develop?
At the time of its inception, the first people also communicated using sounds and gestures. But over time, they learned how to make tools and their hands were busy most of the time - it became more difficult to communicate using gestures. They had no choice but to speak with the help of sounds. According to Norwegian scientists Are Brean and Geira Skeie (authors of the book "Music and the Brain. How Music Affects Emotions, Health and Intellect"), at first people simply imitated natural sounds by changing the timbre of their voices. But then, as the brain developed, the speech of people became more and more complex. Thus, it turns out that the speech of people is an acquired skill, while animals speak to each other unconsciously.
Initially, people also had primitive speech, but with the development of the brain, it became more and more difficult.
It is worth noting that each of us acquires the ability to speak from scratch in childhood. If a child grows up in an environment where no one is talking, he will in no way be able to learn the words. Instead, he will simply make sounds, that is, behave just like a wild beast. This fact was well proven in an experiment conducted by biologists Winthrop and Luella Kellogg in 1931. In short, they started raising chimpanzees with their 10-month-old son Donald and wanted to make a man out of a monkey. You can read more about the results of scientific work on our channel in Yandex.Zen, and within the framework of this article, it is only interesting that due to the lack of communication with ordinary children, their son began to make monkey sounds.
Scientists once tried to make a man out of a monkey, but nothing came of it.
Why don't animals talk?
In the end, it turns out that animals still have the gift of speech, but it is very primitive. Perhaps they could talk like people, but this is hampered by the insufficient development of the vocal apparatus. This is the name of the collection of organs that helps us pronounce complex words and sentences: larynx, vocal folds, tongue, and so on. Of course, some animals like parrots are able to talk like people, but they are engaged in banal onomatopoeia: phrases like “I want to eat” and “I'm a fool” they pronounce with the same intonation, not understanding their meaning.
But what would have happened if the animals still knew the human language