For many, varicose veins are a network of convoluted and protruding veins on the legs under the skin. But pathologies of venous blood flow can affect any vessel in the human body. Varicose veins of the small pelvis develops in the venous plexuses and vessels located in the pelvic region. The cause of the pathology in 35% of cases is a genetic predisposition. Under the influence of provoking factors, the vessels become thinner, the venous valves cease to perform their function normally, which leads to a violation of the blood supply.
Due to the fact that the vessels are located inside the body, the development of the disease can be judged by indirect signs. The doctor can assume the development of pathology if the patient experiences intense pain in the lower abdomen for a long time without signs of any pathology. This disorder is more often diagnosed in women, due to the peculiarities of female physiology.
Treatment of varicose veins
Varicose veins of the small pelvis requires an integrated approach to treatment. It is necessary to normalize the vascular tone, to activate the nutrition and blood supply of tissues, to reduce the stagnation of blood in the veins. Patients need to make changes in their lifestyle, diet, exclude heavy physical activity, and give up bad habits.
Regular physical activity is also important and your doctor will recommend compression therapy. Drug treatment consists in taking venoprotectors, antiplatelet agents, phlebotonics, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs.
The drugs reduce the stretching of the veins, blood congestion, improve lymph flow and blood circulation, and relieve inflammation. If a vein, due to a disease, ceases to function normally, then it is recommended to remove it.
Types of surgical treatment
- Phlebectomy (miniflebectomy). In the process of surgical intervention, pathologically dilated and altered veins (sections of veins) are excised through small incisions or punctures.
- Endovasal laser coagulation. Through a puncture in the skin, a laser light guide is inserted into the vein, which emits light waves. Under the action of the laser, the vessel is heated from the inside, which leads to the soldering of its walls. This method is distinguished by a high therapeutic effect, painlessness, safety and a low number of relapses - repeated cases of varicose veins occur in only 5% of patients.
- Sclerotherapy. A sclerosing substance is injected into the veins affected by varicose veins under ultrasound control, which glues the walls of the vessels, which leads to a narrowing of the venous lumen and the cessation of blood flow in it.
- Laparoscopic pelvic vein surgery is performed using special equipment.
Minimally invasive methods of treatment allow you to quickly get rid of varicose veins of the small pelvis in a minimally traumatic way for the patient, without pain and a long recovery period.