Ticks have become active in the Moscow region. Dozens of victims have already turned to trauma centers for help. And the peak of their activity is still ahead. Insects' appetite will play out closer to the May holidays. What do you need to know when going to the country house or for a walk in the forest?
A week of stable above-zero temperature, and the ticks have already woken up and went hunting. Companies engaged in the processing of territories from parasites are inundated with applications.
The price of getting rid of annoying arthropods at a summer cottage is five thousand rubles. But the action is not long. After a month and a half, the treatment will have to be repeated.
"Grass and shrubs are being processed. After processing, you need not go to the site for two or three hours," instructs the exterminator Andrei Smirnov.
The season has just begun, and several dozen people, including children, have already turned to hospitals in Moscow and the region with tick bites.
- Here he is, this comrade lies with a nose, - Igor demonstrates the bloodsucker.
Igor walks his dog in the forest every day. Despite all the precautions, last week I found a tick on myself at home.
“I went for analysis,” says Igor Nosorev. “And the next day, the result was, fortunately, negative.”
Ticks are carriers of serious diseases: encephalitis and borreliosis. Seven years ago, a tick bit Olga in the park. The diagnosis of borreliosis was not made immediately. A year later, the back began to ache, then the joints became inflamed. Now she cannot get out of bed.
"The pains are just wild, I don't sleep at night, I don't eat. I used to move at least a little, now I can hardly reach the toilet," says Olga Viryasova.
Up to 30 percent of ticks in Moscow and the region are carriers of borrelia. But at the same time they can infect and tick-borne encephalitis. There is no such infection in the Russian capital, but in the Moscow region - in Dmitrovsky and Taldomsky districts - you can get sick after being bitten. And if there is no vaccine against borreliosis, then there is a vaccine for encephalitis.
“I go out of town often, we have a lot of ticks. Even this spring, I was bitten by a tick,” explains a woman who decided to be vaccinated against encephalitis.
When going outdoors, be sure to consider safety measures such as insect repellent sprays and suitable clothing. There are even special suits in the store today.
"There are trap folds on our suit. That is, a tick, getting into this fold, does not move further higher," says Kira Popovich, a designer of costumes from ticks.
If you are nevertheless bitten by a tick, you need to immediately go to the emergency room, where it will be removed correctly, and then take the parasite to the Rospotrebnadzor laboratory. But it's easier to get vaccinated. This can be done free of charge in city polyclinics. In the Moscow region, more than a thousand people have already been vaccinated against tick-borne encephalitis. By the way, it can also be done by those who have been vaccinated against the coronavirus. But doctors advise to maintain a break between them at least a month.
"The vaccination scheme consists of three injections. The first injection is given on the day the patient visits a doctor. The next one is given in one month. And then revaccination is done in one year," says infectious disease doctor Ilya Akinfeev about vaccination.
It takes at least two weeks to develop immunity. Therefore, you can get vaccinated at any time, the main thing is to complete the course two weeks before leaving for an unfavorable territory.