In the Olyutorsky district of Kamchatka, buildings are being examined after a powerful earthquake

In the Olyutorsky district of Kamchatka, buildings are being examined after a powerful earthquake
In the Olyutorsky district of Kamchatka, buildings are being examined after a powerful earthquake
Anonim

According to the Petropavlovsk seismic station, on the evening of January 9, 2020, a felt seismic event was registered on the territory of the Olyutorsky municipal district.

The earthquake occurred at a depth of 40 kilometers. The magnitude of the seismic event was 5, 9. According to the USGS, the magnitude was 6.3 with an epicenter at a depth of 10 km. In some areas of the settlements of the Penzhinsky and Olyutorsky municipal districts, tremors of up to 1-2 points were felt.

The epicenter of the earthquake was located on the territory of the Olyutorsky district, 260 kilometers northwest of the village of Kamenskoye, Penzhinsky district.

Operational teams inspected socially significant facilities and buildings. Interaction with the dispatching services is organized. There are no casualties or destructions as a result of the earthquake. There is no social tension among the population.

For reference: magnitude is a quantity that characterizes the energy released during an earthquake in the form of seismic waves. It is often confused with a scale for assessing the intensity of an earthquake in points (according to a 12-point system), which is based on the external manifestations of an earthquake (impact on people, objects, buildings, natural objects). When an earthquake occurs, it first becomes known precisely its magnitude, which is determined from seismograms, and not the intensity, which is found out only after some time, after receiving information about the consequences.

Before an earthquake hits, you need to know:

Before the earthquake:

In case you decide to leave the building in the event of a strong earthquake, map out the path of movement in advance, taking into account a small margin of time - about 15-20 seconds before the largest fluctuations and tremors.

Determine in advance the safest places where you can wait out the tremors. These are the openings of the main internal walls (not partitions!), The corners formed by the internal main walls, the places near the internal main walls, near the columns and under the frame beams.

Please note that the most dangerous places in buildings during an earthquake are large glazed openings of the outer and inner walls, corner rooms, especially the top floors, stairways.

Shelter from falling objects and debris can be found under sturdy tables and beds; teach children to hide there when there are strong shocks in the absence of adults. Do rehearsals at home.

Firmly fix cabinets, shelves, racks, shelves to walls, to the floor in advance. Furniture should be placed so that it cannot fall on sleeping places, block exits from rooms, block doors.

Firmly secure or move downward heavy and valuable items standing or lying on shelves or furniture (vases, TVs, computers, irons, etc.).

Do not arrange shelves over sleeping places, sinks, toilets. Close the front of the crockery shelves, install strong latches on the cabinet and shelf doors.

Mount your chandeliers and fluorescent lights securely. Do not use glass lampshades. Check the reliability of the suspended ceilings.

Do not clutter up the entrance to the apartment, corridors and staircases with things.

Containers containing flammable and corrosive liquids (stain removers, nitro paint, insecticides) must be securely sealed and stored so that they cannot fall and break during strong vibrations.

Do not place berths near large window openings, glass partitions.

Have at home:

Stock of canned food and drinking water for 3-5 days;

A first aid kit with a double supply of dressing materials (bandage, adhesive plaster, cotton wool) and a set of medicines necessary for chronic sick family members;

A portable electric torch, fire extinguisher, such as a car (learn how to use it in advance).

Always have a cell phone with you;

Store documents in one easily accessible place, preferably near the entrance to the apartment. It is also advisable to store a backpack in which you should have a knife, a lantern, a hatchet, matches, a lighter (new), some food, a first aid kit, candles, a woolen blanket, a piece of plastic wrap, spare clothes and shoes (for the season) for the whole family …

During a strong earthquake:

In room:

If you can leave the building within the first 15-20 seconds, then do so. It is advisable to take a cell phone with you. After running out of the building, immediately move away from it to an open place.

If you stayed in the building, then take refuge in a pre-selected, relatively safe place. In a multi-storey building, you can open the door to the stairs and stand in the opening.

If there is a danger of falling pieces of plaster, lamps, glass - hide under the table. Schoolchildren can crawl under the desks, turn away from the windows.

In any building, stay away from windows, closer to the internal capital walls of the building. Beware of glass partitions!

Do not create crowds and "traffic jams" in the doors!

Don't jump out the window from above the first floor!

Don't jump into the glazed windows! If clearly necessary, first knock out the glass with a stool, in extreme cases - with your back.

Keep your cell phone with you so you can contact rescuers.

Outside:

Move to an open place away from buildings, power lines. Beware of Broken Wires!

Do not run along buildings, do not enter buildings - falling debris is a real danger to life.

If necessary, immediately call "101" (a single call for firefighters and rescuers from both city and mobile phones).

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