The Olmecs were a highly advanced civilization that predated the ancient empires of the Maya and Aztecs. Their knowledge of geology allowed this mysterious ancient civilization to literally terraform certain regions. The San Lorenzo Plateau is one such example. It is considered one of the most important architectural projects of ancient times.
The entire region was "modified" to the taste of the ancient Olmecs. This project involved the removal of a ton of earth and stones, which allowed for the construction of giant terraces, walls and monuments, literally transforming their surroundings into a sacred place for their inhabitants.
The question remains, how did ancient man achieve this … thousands of years ago?
The Olmecs are a people who inhabited Central America in the 16th-2nd centuries BC. Most likely, the Olmec civilization originated in the eastern part of modern Mexico (the states of Veracruz and Tabasco). It is also possible that the people could live in El Salvador and Guatemala.
The name "Olmecs" is translated as "rubber people". This designation was given by the Aztecs in the native land of the Olmecs, where many rubber plants grew. The first Olmec settlement was called Tamoanchan, which literally means "we are looking for our home." The main occupations of the Olmecs were agriculture, in particular the cultivation of corn and maize, and fishing.
The Olmecs are believed to have founded the first civilization in pre-Columbian America, which gave rise to all other cultures. For this reason, in Latin America, the Olmec culture is called "mother". The Olmecs invented the first written hieroglyphic system, similar to that of the Maya, learned how to calculate time and annual cycles. This people began building the oldest cities in Mexico. The capital of the Olmec state was the city of San Lorenzo, built 3, 4 thousand years ago. Now its ruins are in the Mexican state of Veracruz. The religious center of the Olmecs was the city of La Venta. Judging by the large number of masks, sculptures and images, totemism was widespread among this people, and the jaguar was considered the main sacred animal.
A specific feature of the Olmec culture is the construction of gigantic realistic heads made of basalt, with an average height of 2.5 m, a circumference of 7 m and a mass of up to 30 tons. Not a single head is repeated, each is endowed with individual facial features of a Negroid type. For this reason, many scholars believe that the Olmecs may have come from the African continent. The stone heads are "dressed" in helmets with a chin strap.
Also, archaeologists and ethnologists are interested in the toy in the form of a dog on wheels discovered at the site of the Olmec settlements, since the opinion was established in the scientific world that the peoples of Central America did not know the technique of making a wheel.
It turned out that they knew the wheel and, moreover, they were the first to invent the compass, and not the Chinese, as scientists like to tell.
"Fat Men" are sculptures created by the Olmecs. They are very different from the intricate sculptures that we usually associate with the ancient cities of that area. They are stocky stone figures of very fat people with a large ball at the bottom and a smaller, flattened ball at the top. Hands are barely stretched over a wide belly.
Official estimates of their age ranged from 1500 BC. before 500 BC
Interestingly, many of these sculptures have been removed from their original location and buried. Many of these sculptures of "fat men" were found buried in the ground (during excavation work).
Further research showed that initially these "fat men" statues were placed in specific and important places, since they turned out to be magnets.
The stone from which they were created is a natural magnet, and like any magnet, it is capable of attracting or repelling other ferrous metals, as well as temporarily magnetizing other objects containing iron.
Magnetic "fat men" are carved from magnetite, a type of iron ore. But only a small percentage of magnetite stones are magnetites. Geologists don't fully understand how some rocks are magnetized, but the most common theory is that it is struck by lightning. Perhaps lightning is enough to equalize all the ion charges in the stone.
In 1976, Vincent Malmström and his assistant Paul Dunn discovered that when the compass was brought up to one of the fat men in Monte Alto, the needle reacted. He deviated from True North and pointed to the stone. When they checked on the spot the "fat men" and the giant heads of other sculptures, they found that the compass needle pulled sharply when they brought the compass to the navel of some statues and to the right temple of others. The rock's magnetic force was much stronger than the earth's magnetic field.
It was found that four out of five "fat men" in La Democracy, Guatemala, had these magnetic devices, as well as four out of six giant heads. Although he searched, Malmström found no stains indicating that the material was inserted into any of the sculptures he tested, so he concluded that experienced carvers knew about magnetism, could identify magnets, could handle them, and knew for sure. where the poles are. in the rock, so they carved statues to take advantage of this location.
He found other magnetic sculptures in the Sokonusco region, including a turtle / frog head, a rearing jaguar, and two men sitting on a bench. Malmström believed the sculptures were pre-Olmec in origin, dating back to 2000 BC.
An outstanding find by Michael Coe in 1968 in the Olmec territory in San Lorenzo, much closer to the Gulf of Mexico, on the side of the isthmus, is a small polished rectangular strip of hematite with a neat shape. dubbed M-160.
It was broken in antiquity and broken again in the process of study. However, it showed remarkable sophistication in its design, and as it floated in water on a lump of crust or liquid mercury, it sequentially aligned at the same point, west of magnetic north, in the same orientation as the buildings. in the parking lots of the Olmecs in San Lorenzo, La Venta and others. …
This hematite artifact points to the Olmec understanding of magnetism as a direction indicator and predates the Greek discovery of magnetism (AD 600) by perhaps a thousand years. Other groups claiming the first understanding of magnetism as a directional force include the Vikings, Arabs, Persians, and Chinese. If you read different sources, you will find very different dates and accounts, and they all claim to be the first. But the facts show that the first were the Olmecs or the civilizations that preceded them, who left their knowledge to them.
Astronomer John Carlson suggests that the Olmecs used such artifacts as directional devices for astrological or geomantic purposes. The artifact is a piece of polished magnetic stone with a groove at one end (possibly for sighting). The artifact now consistently points to 35.5 degrees west of north, but may have been pointing north-south in general.
The device was a compass, according to researchers at the University of Michigan. This changes a lot in history, as it would mean that the ancient Olmecs were the inventors of the compass, and not the Chinese, as previously thought. It is believed that this device was used to accommodate their buildings facing north.
Another interesting question remains - where did these statues point when they were in their original places? After all, only those who had a "hematite compass" with them and knew that it should be directed to the navel or right temple, could know exactly where to go to the next "fat man" who would indicate the next point on the secret route.
Where did this invisible, magnetic pointer lead? There are suggestions that the Olmec civilization is the remnants of the people of Atlantis. It turns out that these magnetic statues-pointers, most likely showed the chosen ones the way to their flooded homeland - Atlantis.
Most likely, it is for this reason that at some point, the supreme rulers and priests of the Olmecs decided to destroy these signs and moved them from their original places of installation, and moreover, they buried them in the ground.
The fact that they did not destroy them, but simply moved and hid them, suggests that somewhere there is a "map" of the location of these magnetic pointers, and if you have the necessary statues that someone can place in the right places, you can find the way to Atlantis.