The head of the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Samsun University on May 19 said that his team had discovered 60 new species of bacteria. Why this is a very important step for science and how it will affect the development of medicine - in the material Haber7.
Head of the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics at Samsun University "May 19", Professor, Dr. Nevzat Shahin and his team have discovered 60 new species of bacteria. Once identified and named, the newly discovered species is expected to enter the scientific literature.
Head of the Department of Molecular Biology and Genetics of the Faculty of Arts and Sciences of Samsun University "May 19", Professor, Dr. Nevzat Şahin and his team discovered 60 new species of bacteria based on the results of studies of samples taken from soils and lakes in Turkey, Turkmenistan, Cyprus, Russia, Nigeria and India.
It is expected that after identification and naming, the species discovered after two years of work will be included in the scientific literature.
Professor Dr. Shahin noted that the discovery of bacteria is an important step for the discovery of new drugs and antibiotics. Scientists are trying to create added value from Turkey's genetic resources, he said.
Shahin said that the organisms they are working on are mainly organisms of the actinobacterium group. This group includes microorganisms from which hundreds of antibiotics widely used in medicine are obtained.
Shahin continued: “We isolate the discovered organisms from their natural habitat, namely soil, bottom sediments, water, vegetation, tissues, roots. We then identify isolated organisms using international standard tests. If there are new species among the microorganisms we identify, we assign names to them in accordance with the rules of international nomenclature. Then we publish articles in respectable journals and introduce these species into the scientific literature."
"We are also conducting research on the discovery of new drugs and antibiotics."
Speaking about the discovery of 60 new types of bacteria over the past two years, Shahin noted: “Most of these types of bacteria, by their genetic characteristics, are the source of antibiotics. We are also conducting research on the discovery of new drugs and antibiotics associated with them. Our work on the creation of new drugs was supported by the state. We have another study that has produced important results in this regard over the past year. In addition, there are other teams working on the discovery of new drugs related to organisms, which we have identified and named. We will continue our efforts to create added value from the genetic resources of our country.”