5 common myths about strabismus in childhood

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5 common myths about strabismus in childhood
5 common myths about strabismus in childhood

Statistics compiled on the basis of clinical observations state that up to 3% of babies are born with the problem of strabismus. In most cases, pathology develops in children of the first 2-3 years of life, when the friendly work of the visual apparatus is actively formed. Infantile strabismus does not go away on its own and requires spectacle correction, surgical treatment.

Myth number 1. Strabismus in newborns is a physiological norm

The first 3-4 months of a baby's life, parents often notice the inconsistent work of the eyeballs. Eyes slant, or one eye lags behind the other when moving. Such a distorted perception can be accompanied by the anatomical features of the face - a wide bridge of the nose, a skin fold in the corners of the eyes (like the Mongoloid race). If during the examination the ophthalmologist does not find any dysfunction or decrease in the tone of the oculomotor muscles, treatment is not required.

Myth number 2. Strabismus will disappear with the growth of the child

True strabismus is not a cosmetic defect, but a serious disease that disrupts the functioning of the entire visual analyzer. The condition is accompanied by visual disturbances. The position of the eyeballs deviates from the central axis, as a result, the axes do not converge on the object being fixed. The child has double vision. To compensate for this phenomenon, the central nervous system suppresses the signals emanating from the squinting eye and, over time, amblyopia develops (the eye does not participate in the visual process).

In the absence of treatment, such a complication is diagnosed in every second child. Strabismus negatively affects the formation of the psyche. The child grows withdrawn, irritable, in the future there are difficulties with the choice of professional activity.

Types of strabismus:

● by the time of occurrence - congenital, acquired;

● by severity - hidden, compensated, subcompensated, decompensated (uncontrollable);

● by eye involvement - monolateral (one-sided), alternating (intermittent);

● in direction - horizontal (converging, diverging), vertical, mixed;

● due to the occurrence - friendly, unfriendly (paralytic).

Myth number 3. Strabismus treatment is carried out when the child reaches a certain age

This is one of the common misconceptions. Corrected tightening directly affects a favorable outcome strabismus treatment … The visual apparatus is formed up to 3-4 years. It is important to start eliminating the pathology before completing this stage. Eyesight must be restored before the child starts school.

Indicators of normal functionality of the visual analyzer:

● 100% visual acuity without correction (glasses);

● symmetrical arrangement and movement of the eyeballs;

● stereoscopic vision (perception of sizes, shapes of objects, distance to the object).

Elimination of the problem should be comprehensive - therapeutic, surgical, corrective. This allows to achieve a positive result in 98% of patients.

The main directions in the work of an ophthalmologist:

● timely accurate diagnosis and treatment started;

● an individual approach in developing a treatment plan;

● operation, selection of a surgical method;

● observation during the rehabilitation period.

Myth number 4. Eye surgeries are dangerous with loss of vision

Modern eye microsurgery is a safe, minimally invasive technology that allows high-precision operations to be carried out with minimal trauma to the structures of the eye. All fears that the child's eyes may be damaged, he will go blind or the squint will return, have no justification.

Strabismus treatment in Clear Viz - this is the use of innovative technologies, mathematical modeling of the operation, which corrects strabismus of various levels of complexity. After surgery, the child has a clear, symmetrical gaze position, physiological mobility of the eyeball. Microsurgery does not use classic scalpels and scissors, which excludes the development of severe postoperative complications.

Myth number 5. The operation will solve the problem at once

Eye microsurgery is one of the stages of vision restoration as part of complex treatment. To consolidate the results, the child must wear glasses, take medications, carry out physiotherapy procedures, exercise therapy. It is important to be systematically observed by an ophthalmologist to monitor the dynamics of the restoration of the visual apparatus.

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