And scientists are still at a loss for what the plant needs it for.
A plant called Arabidopsis thaliana has been widely studied for many decades, but until now, scientists have not noticed this strange organs.
It may seem that a common laboratory plant that has been tortured for decades is incapable of keeping secrets. But that's how it happened. Scientists have found a "cantile" in Arabidopsis thaliana or Tal's rezukovid, so they destroyed the new organ of the flower due to its special way of branching from the main stem. This new formation appears only in some rezukovidki and only under certain conditions.
Molecular biologist Timothy Gookin first suspected the mutation when he noticed plants with strange stems sticking out like unfinished bridges. At the same time, a delay in flowering was observed.
During short sunny days, A. thaliana, which belongs to the same family as cabbage or mustard, conserves resources. During long light days, it begins to bloom. The researchers found that cantiles form when the transition from energy storage to flowering is delayed. But the plant continues to grow, waiting for the signal to bloom.
The emergence of a newly discovered organ depends on both genetics and circumstances. It develops only in some varieties of Arabidopsis thaliana and only when flowering is delayed. It is not clear only how the plants use this organ.