In Switzerland, underwater archaeologists have discovered a 3,000-year-old submerged settlement at the bottom of Lake Lucerne.
According to Heritage Daily, the work was carried out by a group of underwater archaeologists under the patronage of the Zurich Urban Development Authority. The very same discovery was made in the center of the country, not far from the city of Lucerne.
Interestingly, archaeologists initially carried out the so-called conservation work. The fact is that a pipeline is planned to be built here. For this, it was supposed to carry out dredging works.
Researchers were invited in order to find out if there are any historical monuments on the site of the future construction. Indeed, during construction work, such can be damaged.
Until recently, scientists had no evidence of the presence of submerged settlements in the Lake Lucerne area. However, the bottom of the lake has never been studied globally, since it consists of thick layers of sediments.
The opportunity to explore in detail could only appear during the implementation of large construction projects. Archaeologists waited for their hour in December 2019. It was then that a group of underwater archaeologists first examined the deep trenches that the builders dug with the help of special equipment for laying the pipeline.
The first important finds were made in March 2020, when a powerful excavator lifted numerous pieces of wood and pottery from the water. Archaeologists have studied these objects and found that wooden objects are the remains of artificially made piles.
The analysis also showed that prehistoric wood was used for their manufacture. And the houses of local settlers were probably built on the piles themselves.
Samples of wood and ceramics were sent for radiocarbon dating. This method allows you to determine the age of items containing organic matter. The results showed that the submerged settlement dates back to around 1000 BC. Incidentally, this makes it the earliest recorded human settlement in the Lucerne area.
We add that the Lucerne reservoir is a freshwater lake with an area of 114 square kilometers, the depth of which reaches 434 meters. A submerged settlement was found in the shallow basin of this reservoir.