Who created the Klerksdorp Spheres 3 billion years ago?

Who created the Klerksdorp Spheres 3 billion years ago?
Who created the Klerksdorp Spheres 3 billion years ago?
Anonim

The Klerksdorp Spheres are small objects, ranging from spherical to disc-shaped, that were collected by miners from a 3 billion-year-old pyrophyllite deposit mined by Wonderstone Ltd. near Ottosdal, South Africa.

Alternative researchers and reporters have cited them in books, popular articles, and on many webpages as inexplicable artifacts that could only be produced by intelligent beings.

The geologists who have studied these objects claim that these objects are not created, but are the result of natural processes.

Rulph Marks, curator of the Klerksdorp Museum, South Africa, which houses some of the areas:

“The spheres are a complete mystery. They look artificially created, but at that time in the history of the Earth, when they stopped in this rock, intelligent life did not exist."

According to the article by J. Jimison, spheres are of two types: "one is made of a solid bluish metal with white spots, and the other is a hollow sphere with a white spongy center."

In a letter dated September 12, 1984, Rulf Marks writes: “Nothing scientific has been published about the spheres, but the facts are as follows: they were found in pyrophyllite, which is mined near the town of Ottosdal in the Western Transvaal.

This pyrophyllite is a fairly soft secondary mineral with a number of only 3 on the Mohs scale and was formed as a result of sedimentation about 2.8 billion years ago. On the other hand, the balls, which have a fibrous structure inside with a shell around them, are very hard and cannot be scratched even by steel."

The Mohs hardness scale is named after Friedrich Mohs, who selected ten minerals as reference points for comparative hardness, with the softest talc (1) and the hardest diamond (10).

A. Bisshoff, professor of geology at Potchefstroom University, said these spheres are "limonite nodules." Limonite is a type of iron ore. A nodule is a compact rounded rock mass formed by localized cementation around the core. One problem with the hypothesis that the objects are limonite nodules has to do with their hardness.

As noted above, metal spheres cannot be scratched with a steel tip, indicating that they are extremely hard. But standard mineral references state that limonite only registers 4-5.5 on the Mohs scale, indicating a relatively low degree of hardness.

In addition, limonite nodules usually occur in clusters, like clusters of stuck together soap bubbles. They are usually not isolated and perfectly round, as is the case with the objects in question. They usually do not appear with parallel grooves surrounding them.

All samples of these objects that were examined by Heinrich showed an extremely well-defined radial structure, ending either in the center or in the centers of the Klerksdorp sphere.

Through petrographic and X-ray diffraction analysis of samples of these objects, Heinrich discovered that they consist of either hematite (Fe2O3) or wollastonite (CaSiO3) mixed with small amounts of hematite and goethite (FeOOH).

Observations by Cairncross, Nel, and others have shown that many of the Klerksdorp spheres found in unaltered pyrophyllite are composed of pyrite (FeS2). The color of the samples studied by Heinrich ranged from dark reddish brown, red to dark red. The color of these pyrite objects is unknown.

For the purposes of this study, we are most interested in a sphere with three parallel grooves around the sphere.Even if we assume that the sphere itself is a limonite nodule, it is still necessary to take into account three parallel grooves - how did they appear?

In the absence of a satisfactory natural explanation, the evidence is highly cryptic, leaving open the possibility that the grooved sphere found in a 2.8 billion-year-old mineral deposit in South Africa was created by an intelligent being.

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