The meaning of the name has always been of keen interest to people. The origin of surnames is of no less interest. It is important for parents to study everything that will be associated with their child, because a name is the first thing that a baby will have, it is a symbol of the future life of a newly born person. That is why it is important to know the meaning of the name and characteristics of people who once bore the same name.
How were the names in ancient Russia treated?
In ancient Russia, names were approached with special originality. The rules of that time did not allow to call commoners by some names. These names were reserved only for children from wealthy families. A child from a simple family got a name in honor of a father or mother, babies were named, comparing with household items or comparing with animals. Such names were popular as: Fox, Bear. Some parents of that time considered the birth order of the baby to be important, and it was with this that the choice of the name was connected: Pervusha, Vtorak, Tretyak. The child, conceived in a hurry, bore the name Nechaiko, and if the baby was expected for many years and now he finally appeared, then he was called Zhdan. It is noteworthy that many were looking for the dependence of the name on the nature of pregnancy and childbirth. So, with painful and prolonged fights, the crumbs got the name Istom.
The children were also named in relation to their appearance. Blondes often bore the names: Rusinko, Belyak, Rusak. Thin kids - Khudyak. But more often than not one external sign was taken into account, but their totality, plus character and manners. Violent children were called Buyans, cheerful, cheerful girls - Fun. But those who did not speak for a long time or were laconic were called Molchanka. The trend of that time was such names as Lyubava, Bogdan, Milovan - these are usually funny, beloved by parents and charming children.
What was the attitude to names in Russia in the Middle Ages
After the adoption of Christianity, the names were chosen mainly according to the calendar. The baby's birthday was the main one for determining his name, which was searched for on the lists. Each day of the year had its own list of saints and parents could not shy away from it.
They chose names only on the 8th day or on the 40th day after birth. It was believed that the name received from the saint would be a kind of amulet, the saint would patronize throughout his life.
How are names treated in modern Russia
For modern parents, there are many ways to choose a name for their baby. Before naming their baby, parents check what his name means in translation from Greek, Hebrew and other languages, looking for descriptive characteristics of all the pieces and the name itself. It is not enough to know the meaning, moms and dads check the harmony of the chosen name with a patronymic and even with a surname. Other parents continue to call the crumbs according to the calendar.
Where did surnames and patronymics come from in Russia?
It is believed that middle names appeared only by the middle of the 10th century. People were not named, but called and it looked like this: Vladimir, the son of Gleb. It was also customary for princes to mention the name of their grandfather. Thus, the son was perceived according to the merits of his father or grandfather. For ordinary people, patronymics began to be given much later.
Surnames began to be attributed later patronymics. They were necessary when registering troops or in diplomacy. In the end, it was difficult to distinguish one Ivan from another only by his patronymic. It is believed that the trend to give surnames came from the Grand Duchy of Lithuania.
Giving a name to your child is a big task. It is important to know its meaning, to take into account some features. For a modern person, the main thing is his own attitude to the chosen name, its sound, timbre.It is worth considering not only the euphony of the name itself, but the sound of the surname, name and patronymic together.