The patent is registered by the US Secretary of the Navy and assigned to the Department of the Navy.
The invention described herein may be manufactured and used by the government or for the government of the United States of America for government purposes without paying any royalties for it or for it.
A vessel using an inertial mass reduction device consists of an internal resonant wall of a resonator, an external resonance cavity, and microwave emitters. An electrically charged external resonant cavity wall and an electrically isolated internal resonant cavity wall form a resonant resonator. Microwave radiators create high-frequency electromagnetic waves throughout the resonant resonator, causing the resonant resonator to vibrate at an accelerated rate and create a localized polarized vacuum outside the outer wall of the resonant resonator.
There are four known fundamental forces that govern matter and therefore energy. These four known interactions are strong nuclear forces, weak nuclear forces, electromagnetic forces, and gravitational forces. In this hierarchy of forces, the electromagnetic force is ideally positioned to be able to manipulate the other three. A stationary electric charge generates an electric (electrostatic) field, while a moving charge generates both an electric and a magnetic field (hence an electromagnetic field). In addition, the accelerating charge induces electromagnetic radiation in the form of transverse waves, namely Light. Mathematically, as well as physically, the intensity of the electromagnetic field can be represented as the product of the strength of the electric field and the strength of the magnetic field. Electromagnetic fields act as carriers of both energy and momentum, thus interacting with physical entities at the most fundamental level.
Artificially generated high energy electromagnetic fields, such as those generated by a high energy electromagnetic field generator (HEEMFG), interact strongly with the energy state of the vacuum. The energy state of the vacuum can be described as an aggregate / collective state consisting of a superposition of fluctuations of all quantum fields that permeate the entire structure of space-time. High-energy interaction with a vacuum energy state can lead to the emergence of emergent physical phenomena, such as the unification of force and material fields. According to quantum field theory, this strong interaction between fields is based on a mechanism for transferring vibrational energy between fields. The transfer of vibrational energy then causes local fluctuations in adjacent quantum fields that permeate spacetime (these fields may or may not be electromagnetic in nature). Matter, energy and space-time are all emergent constructs that arise from the fundamental structure, which is a vacuum energy state.
Everything that surrounds us, including ourselves, can be described as macroscopic aggregates of fluctuations, vibrations and vibrations in quantum mechanical fields. Matter is a closed energy trapped in fields, frozen in a quantum of time. Thus, under certain conditions (such as the coupling of the hyper-frequency axial spin with the hyper-frequency oscillations of electrically charged systems), the rules and special effects of the behavior of a quantum field are also applicable to macroscopic physical objects (macroscopic quantum phenomena).
In addition, the connection between hyper-frequency gyratory (axial rotation) and hyper-frequency oscillatory electrodynamics contributes to a possible physical breakthrough in the use of macroscopic quantum fluctuations of the vacuum-plasma field (quantum-vacuum plasma) as an energy source (or sink), which is an induced physical phenomenon.
Quantum Vacuum Plasma (CVP) is the electrical glue of our plasma Universe. The Casimir effect, Lamb shift, and spontaneous emission are specific confirmations of the existence of the CVP.
It is important to note that in the region (regions) where the electromagnetic fields are the strongest, the stronger the interaction with the CVP, the higher the induced energy density of the CVP particles that arise in the process of existence (the sea of electrons and Dirac positrons). These QVP particles can increase the resulting energy levels of the HEEMFG system, in which an increase in energy flux can be induced.
It is possible to reduce the inertial mass and, consequently, the gravitational mass of the system / object in motion by a sharp perturbation of the nonlinear background of local space-time (local vacuum energy state), which is equivalent to an accelerated deviation from thermodynamic equilibrium (similar to symmetry breaking caused by abrupt changes in states / phase transitions). The physical mechanism driving this decrease in inertial mass is based on the negative pressure (hence repulsive gravity) exhibited by a polarized local vacuum energy state (local vacuum polarization is achieved by combining accelerated high frequency vibration with accelerated high frequency axial rotation of an electrically charged system / object) in close proximity to the system / object under consideration. In other words, a decrease in inertial mass can be achieved by manipulating the fluctuations of the quantum field in the local vacuum energy state, in the immediate vicinity of the object / system. Therefore, it is possible to reduce the ship's inertia, that is, its resistance to motion / acceleration, by polarizing the vacuum in the immediate vicinity of the moving ship.
The polarization of the local vacuum is similar to the manipulation / modification of the energy density of the topological lattice of the local spatial connection. As a result, extreme speeds can be achieved.
If we can design the structure of a local quantum vacuum state, we can design the structure of our reality at the most fundamental level (thereby affecting the inertial and gravitational properties of the physical system). This implementation would allow significant advances in aerospace propulsion and power generation.
The physical equation describing the maximum intensity attainable by a high energy electromagnetic field generator (HEEMFG) system is described by the magnitude of the Poynting vector, which in the nonrelativistic case (taking into account all three modes of motion) can be written as:
S max = f G (σ 2 / ε 0) [R r ω + R v v + v R] (equation 1), where f G is the geometric shape factor of the HEEMFG system (equal to 1 for the disk configuration), σ is the surface charge density (total electric charge divided by the surface area of the HEEMFG system), ε 0 is the dielectric constant of free space, R r is the radius of rotation (radius of the disk), ω is the angular frequency of rotation in rad / s, PB is the oscillations (harmonic oscillations), amplitude, V is the angular frequency of oscillations in Hertz, and the term vr is the curvilinear translation of the velocity (acquired through a propeller or chemical, nuclear or magneto-plasmodynamic (VASIMR) type attached to the HEEMFG system - a holistic unit of being craft).
Therefore, if we consider only rotation, we gave a disk configuration, with σ = 50,000 CL / m2, a disk (spinning / along the axis of rotation) radius of 2 m and an angular velocity of 30,000 rpm, also generate an electromagnetic (EM) intensity field (smax power flow rate per unit area, or power flow) costing about 1024 W / m2 (this value does not take into account qvp by interaction).
In addition, if we combine high rotational speed with high vibration (harmonic) frequencies in the range of 10 9 to 10 18 Hertz (and above), we can obtain values of the maximum intensity S in the range from 10 24 to 10 28 W / m2 (and higher). These extremely high EM field intensities underline the novelty of this concept, especially suited for the design of power generation machinery with power output levels much higher than those currently achievable.
For the case of an accelerating angular vibration frequency (a max = R v v 2), neglecting rotation and curvilinear displacement, equation 1 becomes (note the intrinsic significance of acceleration):
S max = f G (σ 2 / ε 0) [(R v v 2) t op] (equation 2), where t op is the working time during which the charged electrical system s is accelerated at its vibration.
A close study of equation 2 leads to an important realization, namely: a strong local interaction with a high energy of the superposition of fluctuations of quantum vacuum fields (macroscopic energy state of the vacuum) is possible in laboratory conditions, by using high-frequency rotation (axial spin) and / or high-frequency vibration of minimally charged objects (of the order of a unit of the surface charge density), in the acceleration mode. Thus, it is possible to achieve a high degree of polarization of the energy of the local vacuum.
To illustrate this fact, taking into account the high final microwave frequency of the order of 10 11 Hertz, the surface charge density of the order of 1 C / m2 and the working time of the order of the inverse vibration amplitude, we obtain the energy flux value of 10 33 W / m2. This exceptional high power intensity induces an avalanche of steam production, thus ensuring full polarization of the local vacuum position.
Local vacuum polarization in the immediate vicinity of a HEEMFG-equipped vessel will have the effect of coherent fluctuations of high-energy and random quantum vacuum fields that virtually block the path of the accelerating vessel, such that the resulting negative pressure of the polarized vacuum allows less obstructed movement through it (as noted H. David Froning).
Spontaneous formation of electron-positron pairs from vacuum is a strong indicator of reaching vacuum polarization. Julian Schwinger (Nobel laureate in physics) gives an electric field (E) of the order of 10 18 V / m for this phenomenon to take place. The mass production rate (dm / dt) pp of particle / antiparticle pairs can be expressed in terms of S max (energy flow), namely:
2γ (dm / dt) pp c 2 = S max A S (equation 3), where A S is the surface area from which the energy flow emanates, c is the speed of light in free space, and the γ is the relativistic stretch coefficient [1− (v 2 / c 2)] -1 / 2. Note that the rate of pair production increases with an increase in the flow of energy from the electromagnetic field created by the ship. Therefore, the level to which the vacuum is polarized, thereby allowing less obstructed movement through it, is strictly dependent on the artificially generated flow of electromagnetic energy.
If we consider the boundary condition in the immediate vicinity of the apparatus, where the energy density of the artificially generated electromagnetic (EM) field is equal to the local energy density of the polarized vacuum (caused partly by local fluctuations of the zero-point vacuum of the order of 10 -15 Joules / cm3 and partly by an artificial EM field interacting with the energy the state of the local vacuum), then we can write the approximate equivalence:
(S max / c) = [(h * v v 4) / 8π 2 c 3] (equation 4), where c is the speed of light in free space, (h *) is Planck's constant divided by (2π) and (v v) is the frequency of quantum fluctuations in vacuum (modeled as harmonic oscillators). In addition, taking into account that on the left side of the equation 4 of the Order (ε0Е2) where E-artificially created an electric field (force), taking into account the Schwinger value (E) for the onset of spontaneous pairs, we obtain (cc) a value of the order of 1022 Hz, which corresponds to our expectations, since Dirac's virtual pairs, leads to complete destruction, producing gamma rays that occupy the electromagnetic frequency spectrum of 1019 hertz and above.
A recent article by the inventor, published in the International Journal of Space Science and Technology (Pais, S. C., Vol. 3, No. 1, 2015), examines the conditional possibility of the motion of superluminal aircraft in the framework of the special theory of relativity. It is noted that under certain physical conditions, the singularity expressed by the relativistic stretching coefficient "gamma", when the ship's speed (v) approaches the speed of light (c), is no longer present in the physical picture. This includes the instantaneous removal of energy-mass from the system (ship) when the ship's speed reaches (v = c / 2). The possibility of using exotic matter (negative mass / negative energy density) to achieve this effect is discussed. This may not be the only alternative. Artificial generation of gravitational waves at the location of the apparatus can lead to the removal of energy-mass (gravitational waves are propagating fluctuations in gravitational fields, the amplitude and frequency of which are a function of the motion of the participating masses).
It is also possible to remove energy-mass from the system by turning on vacuum polarization, as discussed by Harold Puthoff; in this decrease in inertial (and therefore gravitational) mass can be achieved by manipulating the quantum fluctuations of the field in a vacuum. In other words, it is possible to reduce the ship's inertia, that is, its resistance to motion / acceleration, by polarizing the vacuum in the immediate vicinity of the moving ship. As a result, extreme speeds can be achieved.
The energy state of the vacuum can be viewed as a chaotic system consisting of random, high-energy fluctuations in the collective quantum fields that determine it. Considering Ilya Prigogine's Nobel Prize in thermodynamics far from equilibrium (the Prigogine effect), a chaotic system can self-organize if it is subject to three conditions, namely: the system must be nonlinear, it must experience a sharp departure far from thermodynamic equilibrium, and it must be subjected to an energy flow (order out of chaos).
An artificially generated high energy / high frequency electromagnetic field (like HEEMFG fields can produce) can fulfill all 3 conditions simultaneously (especially in an accelerated vibration / rotation mode), strongly interacting with the local state of vacuum energy. These interactions are induced by the coupling of hyper-frequency axial rotation (spin) and hyper-frequency vibration (harmonic oscillations / hopping pulsations) of electrically charged systems (high energy electromagnetic field generators) located outside the vessel in strategic locations.
Thus, a local vacuum polarization is achieved, namely, the coherence of vacuum fluctuations in the immediate vicinity of the ship's surface (outside the vacuum boundary), which allows "smooth sailing" through the negative pressure (repulsive gravitational field) of "voids" (voids in a vacuum). We can say that the void "sucks in" the ship.
It is extremely important that the apparatus has the ability to control accelerated modes of vibration and rotation of electrically charged surfaces, in particular, fast rates of change of accelerated-decelerated-accelerated vibration and / or accelerated-decelerated-accelerated rotation (axial rotation) of electrified surfaces. Thus, we can delay the onset of relaxation to thermodynamic equilibrium, thereby creating a physical mechanism that can cause anomalous effects (such as inertial or gravitational mass loss). In addition, you can turn on the Herzenstein effect, namely the receipt of high-frequency gravitational waves by high-frequency electromagnetic radiation, thus modifying the gravitational fields in the immediate vicinity of the ship, which leads to its movement.
For the mathematical formalism of inertial (and therefore gravitational) mass reduction, consider that in a published physical overview letter (December 1989), Hayasaka and Takeuchi report an anomalous weight reduction for gyroscopes for right-hand turns only. At the time, the authors were unable to clarify the physics behind these anomalous results. This was followed by several zero-sum experiments (recent also), which Hayasaka et al. the results are negligible, or at least doubtful - however, all of these experiments were flawed in their ability to completely duplicate Hayasaka et al. experimental method and setup (especially the high vacuum chamber of the test section was installed inside).
Closer attention to non-zero interception Hayasaka et al. the expression relating the decrease in the weight of the gyroscope in relation to its mass, the frequency of angular rotation and the effective radius of the Rotor, makes it possible to obtain a local quantum vacuum effect, namely, the condition of negative pressure (repulsive gravitational). This is due to the fact that nonzero interception is of the same order of magnitude with the rate of thermal stabilization of electrons-protons Fokker-Planck (f ep), taking into account the approximate density of the number of hydrogen atoms 40 atoms / m3, commensurate with the local quantum vacuum state.
Consider Hayasaka et al. An expression for reducing the weight of a gyroscope, written in si units As:
Δ W R (ω) = - 2 × 10 -10 M r eq ω kg m s -2 (equation 5), where ΔW R is the decrease in mass, M is the mass of the Rotor (in kg), ω is the angular frequency of rotation (in rad / C), and r eq is the equivalent radius of the gyroscope (in M).
From this ratio, we see that the units of non-zero interception (2 × 10-10) are equal to (1 / s). This non-zero intercept is endemic to the physics of gyroscopic acceleration of rotation, in particular, the physical mechanism of abrupt deflection far from thermodynamic equilibrium.
Further, we can assume that if the gyro rotor vibrated uniformly (instead of rotation), and its vibration (harmonic vibration) accelerated in frequency (thereby causing a state of sharp deviation far from thermodynamic equilibrium), then it is possible that the resulting physics would be similar to the description of acceleration rotation, so we can write (using simple dimensional analysis):
Δ W R (v) = - f ep M A v V kg m s -2 (equation 6), where f ep is the rate of thermal stabilization of Fokker-bar electrons, A v is the vibration amplitude, and v is the vibration frequency (in 1 / s).
The present invention is directed to an aircraft using an inertial mass reduction device. The ship includes an inner resonating cavity wall, an outer resonating cavity, and microwave emitters. The outer resonant cavity wall and the inner resonant cavity wall form a resonant cavity. Microwave radiators create high-frequency electromagnetic waves throughout the resonant resonator, causing the outer wall of the resonant resonator to vibrate at an accelerated rate and create a local polarized vacuum outside the outer wall of the resonant resonator.
A feature of the present invention is the provision of an aircraft using an inertial mass reduction device capable of traveling at extreme speeds.
These and other features, aspects and advantages of the present invention will be better understood with reference to the following description and the accompanying claims, as well as the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figs. 1 is an embodiment of an aircraft using an inertial weight reduction device; and
Figs. 2 is another embodiment of an aircraft using an inertial mass reduction device.
Preferred embodiments of the present invention are illustrated by way of example below and within the FINIC. 1-2. As shown in the figure FIG. 1, apparatus 10 using an inertial mass reduction device consists of an outer resonant wall of a resonator 100, an inner resonance cavity 200, and microwave radiators 300. The outer resonating cavity wall 100 and the inner resonating cavity wall 200 form a resonating cavity 150. Microwave radiators 300 create high-frequency electromagnetic waves 50 throughout the resonant resonator 150, causing the outer wall of the resonant resonator 100 to vibrate at an accelerated rate and create a local polarized vacuum 60 outside the outer wall of the resonant resonator 100.
In describing the present invention, the invention will be discussed in a space, sea, air, or terrestrial environment; however, this invention can be used for any type of application requiring the use of an inertial mass reduction device or the use of an aircraft.
In a preferred embodiment, resonance cavity 150 is filled with noble gas 155. Xenon gas can be used; however, any noble gas 155 or equivalent can be used. The gas is used for the plasma phase transition of the symmetry breaking aspect to enhance the Prigogine effect. In addition, the resonance cavity 150 may be an annular channel. As shown in the figure FIG. 1, the resonant resonator 150 may also surround the crew compartment 55, the propulsion system 56, the cargo compartment 57, or any other type of compartment. Crew compartment 55, propulsion system 56, cargo compartment 57, and the like can be protected in a Faraday cage 58 from all EM radiation effects.
The vessel 10, in particular the outer resonant cavity wall 100, can be charged with an electric current. In addition, the inner resonant cavity wall 200 can be electrically insulated so that the inner resonant cavity wall 200 does not vibrate. The ship 10 includes a main hull 20 with a leading portion 21 and a rear portion 22. In addition, the vessel 10 may include a truncated shape 25 or a cone at its leading portion 21 of the main body 20. In one embodiment, the truncated body 25 can rotate about its own axis 26 or is rotatable.
Microwave emitter (s) 300 can be an electromagnetic field generator. A preferred electromagnetic generator is that described in US Patent Application Ser. No. 14/807, 943, entitled "Electromagnetic Field Generator and Method for Generating an Electromagnetic Field," filed July 17, 24, 2015. The application is hereby incorporated by reference, and is by the same inventor. However, the microwave radiators 300 can be any type of microwave radiator or a radio frequency emitter that is practical.
As shown in the picture DATE. 1 and 2, ship 10 has a plurality of 300 microwave emitters. Microwave radiators 300 are located within resonant resonator 150 and can be antennas (high frequency emitting sources) in the electromagnetic (EM) spectrum range from 300 megahertz to 300 gigahertz. A plurality of microwave emitters 300 are positioned within the resonant resonator 150 such that a necessary electrical charge is present through the resonant resonator 150 to cause the outer wall of the resonant resonator 100 to vibrate at an accelerated rate.
As described, in one of its embodiments, the ship 10 uses microwave-induced vibration in a resonant ring resonator (resonant resonator 150). The manner and efficiency with which the microwave energy is coupled to the external resonant cavity wall 100 is called a Q-factor (the internal resonance cavity of wail 200 is electrically isolated and does not vibrate). This parameter can be written as a ratio (stored energy / lost energy) and ranges from 10 4 to 10 9 (and beyond), depending on whether a common metal (aluminum or copper at room temperature) or cryogenically cooled superconducting material (yttrium oxide barium copper or niobium) for the outer resonant wall of the cavity 100 and outside the skin line of the vehicle mold. It should be understood that the high energy / high frequency electromagnetic field generator responsible for the inertial mass reduction effect will generate a repulsive energy field EM while in the Earth's atmosphere, thereby repelling air molecules in its ascent / flight path. Therefore, once in orbital space, with the help of local vacuum polarization (modification / coherence of quantum field fluctuations), the repulsive gravitational effect (recall the negative pressure of polarized vacuum) would allow the spacecraft 10 to move rapidly (which can be, but without limitation, a cone or lenticular triangle / Delta wing configuration).
One can imagine a hybrid aerospace / submarine vessel (HAUC), which, thanks to physical mechanisms activated by the inertial mass reduction device, can function as a submarine capable of extreme underwater speeds (no friction against water and skin) and increased stealth capabilities (non-linear scattering of radio frequency and hydroacoustic signals). This hybrid ship will move with great ease through air / space / water environments, enclosed in a vacuum plasma bubble / envelope, thanks to the coupled effects of the EM field induced repulsion of air / water particles and the polarization of vacuum energy.
As shown in the figure FIG. 2, in another embodiment, the tail section 22 of the aircraft 10 is a mirror of the age of the leading section 21. This includes all the working components internal to the ship. As shown in the figure FIG. 2, the front portion 21 includes an upper leading edge 121 and a lower leading edge 123, while the rear portion 22 includes an upper trailing edge 222 and a lower trailing edge 223. Both the rear portions 22 and the front portions 21 include an outer resonant cavity wall 100 and an inner resonant cavity wall 200 defining a resonant cavity 150, such as a resonant cavity 150 that encloses, wraps around, or encapsulates vessel 10. The outer resonant cavity wall 100, the inner resonant cavity wall 200, and the resonant cavity 150 that completely surrounds the vessel 10 may be referred to as the resonant cavity of the casing 156. Microwave radiators 300 create high frequency electromagnetic waves throughout the resonant resonator housing 156, causing the outer wall 100 of the resonant resonator (or a portion of the outer wall 100 of the resonant resonator) to vibrate and create a local polarized vacuum 60 outside the outer wall 100 of the resonant resonator.
When operated in a preferred embodiment, the boat 10 can be propelled in different directions by vibrating different portions of the resonance cavity housing 156. For example, to move upward, the upper portion 156 (upper leading edge 121 and upper trailing edge 222) of the resonance cavity housing 156 vibrates, thereby causing a polarized vacuum field 60 to move the vessel upward.
When introducing elements of the present invention or its preferred variant (s), Articles "a", "An", "B" and "said" are intended to indicate the presence of one or more of these elements. The terms "including", "including" and "having" are intended to be all-inclusive and mean that there may be additional elements other than the listed elements.
Although the present invention has been described in great detail with reference to some of its preferred embodiments, other embodiments are possible. Therefore, the spirit and scope of the appended formulas should not be limited to the description of the preferred option (s) contained herein.
Froning, H. David, Quantum Vacuum Engineering for Power and Propulsion from Space Power Engineering, 3rd International Future Energy Conference, Oct. 9-10, 2009, Washington DC, USA.
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