The scientist told how the USSR was preparing for the landing on Venus

The scientist told how the USSR was preparing for the landing on Venus
The scientist told how the USSR was preparing for the landing on Venus
Anonim

Soviet scientists worked out the possibility of a manned flight to Venus, but the idea was abandoned when it turned out that the conditions there were unsuitable, said in an interview with RIA Novosti the head of the department of human physiology in extreme conditions of the Institute of Biomedical Problems of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Doctor of Medical Sciences, Academician of the Russian Academy of Cosmonautics. … Tsiolkovsky Alexander Suvorov.

"A separate direction is hyperbolic physiology and medicine. It began to develop at our institute due to the fact that during the inception of space medicine, Sergei Pavlovich Korolev, in addition to Mars, considered options for a flight to Venus," the scientist said.

Then they already knew that Venus has an atmosphere unsuitable for breathing, and a pressure at the surface of 96 atmospheres, which corresponds to submersion under water for almost 1000 meters. In order to test the possibility of working at such pressure, the Institute of Biomedical Problems, together with the Institute of Oceanology of the Academy of Sciences of the USSR, in 1981 organized descents to 100 meters in a pressure chamber, in which Suvorov took part, and then to 350 and 450 meters. “As a result, we almost proved that a person could work at a depth of 1000 meters,” the scientist said.

In such conditions, breathing is difficult, shortness of breath appears, but under these conditions, physical activity of moderate severity can be performed.

However, when automatic stations flew to Venus, it became known that there was a carbon dioxide atmosphere, high temperatures, then gradually the idea of a manned flight died. "But there is a fact that theoretically a person will be able to descend on Venus, put on a spacesuit and go to its surface. If we can dive to a depth of 1000 meters, respectively, over time we can go to the surface of Venus," the scientist said.

The first Venus was reached by the Soviet station "Venera-4" in 1967, but only

Venera 7 in 1970. She recorded a pressure of about 90 atmospheres and a temperature of about 475 degrees.

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